Internet Addiction: The Role of Self-esteem and Impulsivity among undergraduate students in Ogun state, Nigeria
Internet addiction in Nigeria is still emerging as a novel phenomenon that is still evolving in terms of symptomology and predictive features. Gender, self-esteem, and impulsivity have been linked to Internet addiction in studies, and based on the features of Internet addiction, its classification as an impulse control disorder, as well as its relationship with certain personality traits like self-esteem and impulsivity, is not far-fetched. This study is designed to look at the influence of gender, self-esteem, and impulsivity on Internet addiction. Two hundred and fifty (250) undergraduate students were chosen through convenient sampling. The study used a descriptive survey design. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-11), and the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) were used to measure self-esteem, impulsivity, and internet addiction, respectively. The t-test and multiple regression results revealed were used in the analysis. There was no significant difference in gender for internet addiction among undergraduate students [t (248) = 0.596; p >.05]. In addition, self-esteem had a significant influence on Internet addiction among undergraduate students (t = 3.912, =0.241, p <0.05). In undergraduate students, impulsivity had a significantly greater influence on internet addiction (t = 2.602; = 0.163, p <0.05). Lastly, there was an independent and significant prediction of self-esteem and impulsivity on internet addiction among undergraduate students (t=4.248, β=.259, p< 0.05). It can be concluded that gender, self-esteem, and impulsivity are essential factors to consider when studying Internet addiction. Some recommendations are included in the conclusion.
Keywords: Self Esteem, Impulsivity, Internet Addiction, Undergraduate students